Thin rice-pattern or honeycomb-pattern porcelain.
Gaiwan is also known as Zhong or San Cai Wan. It consists of a bowl, a lid, and a saucer.
It is commonly used to infuse tea as if it were a teapot. Its design allows easy observation of tea while steeping. It’s an indispensable tea tasting tool for many tea lovers.
Using Gaiwan as a teacup was once popular during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and some still drink from it today. Tea leaves are infused directly in the Gaiwan and the lid holds them back when drinking.